Whitham, K., Hanrath, T. On the formation of epitaxially connected quantum dot solids: nucleation and coherent phase transition. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017, 8 (12), 2623–2628.

 Treml, B. E., Savitzky, B. H., Tirmzi, A. M., DaSilva, J., Kourkoutis, L. F., Hanrath, T. Successive ionic layer absorption and reaction for post-assembly control over inorganic inter-dot bonds in long-range ordered nanocrystal films. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9 (15), 13500-13507.

Tirmzi, A. M., Dwyer, R. P., Hanrath, T., Marohn, J. A. Coupled slow and fast charge dynamics in cesium lead bromide perovskite. ACS Energy Lett. 2017, 2 (2), 488-496.

Richards, B., Schraer, S., McShane, E., Quintana, J., Levin, B., Muller, D., Hanrath, T. Reaction kinetics of germanium nanowire growth on inductively heated copper surfaces. Chem. Mater. 2017, 29 (11), 4792-4800.

Nevers, D. R., Williamson, C. B., Hanrath, T., Robinson, R. D. Surface chemistry of cadmium sulfide magic-sized clusters: a window into ligand-nanoparticle interactions. Chem. Comm. 2017, 53 (19), 2866-2869.

Whitham, K.; Yang, J.; Savitzky, B. H.; Kourkoutis, L. F.; Wise, F.; Hanrath, T., Charge transport and localization in atomically coherent quantum dot solids. Nat Mater 2016,

doi:10.1038/nmat4576NM cover2480_x_3508_300dpi

Williamson, C. B., Nevers, D. R., Hanrath, T., and Robinson, R. D. “The Prodigious Effects of Concentration Intensification on Nanoparticle Synthesis: a High-Quality, Scalable Approach” Journal Of The American Chemical Society (2015): jacs.5b10006. doi:10.1021/jacs.5b10006

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 Treml, B. E., Jacobs, A. G., Bell, R. T., Thompson, M. O., and Hanrath, T. “Μ-Rainbow: CdSe Nanocrystal Photoluminescence Gradients via Laser Spike Annealing for Kinetic Investigations and Tunable Device Design” Nano Letters (2015): acs.nanolett.5b03918. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03918

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Wang, Y., Xu, H., Hollingsworth, J. A., Hanrath, T., Fang, J., and Wang, Z. “An Obtuse Rhombohedral Superlattice Assembled by Pt Nanocubes” Nano Letters 15, (2015): 6254–6260.DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02879


Treml, B. E., Yang, J., Wise, F., and Hanrath, T. “Simultaneous Ligand and Cation Exchange in PbSe/CdSe Nanocrystal Films” Chemical Physics (2015):  doi:10.1016/j.chemphys.2015.07.011

TOC figure

Treml, B. E., Robbins, A. B., Whitham, K., Smilgies, D.-M., Thompson, M. O., and Hanrath, T. “Processing–Structure–Property Relationships in Laser-Annealed PbSe Nanocrystal Thin Films” ACS Nano (2015): 150325134421008. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b00167,

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 Silberstein, K. E., Lowe, M. A., Richards, B., Gao, J., Hanrath, T., and Abruña, H. D. “Operando X-Ray Scattering and Spectroscopic Analysis of Germanium Nanowire Anodes in Lithium Ion Batteries” Langmuir 31, no. 6 (2015): 2028–2035. doi:10.1021/la504382q,la-2014-04382q_0011
Ocier, C. R., Smilgies, D. M., Robinson, R. D., and Hanrath, T. “Reconfigurable Nanorod Films: an in-Situ Study of the Relationship Between Tunable Nanorod Orientation and the Optical Properties of Their Self-Assembled Thin FilmsChemistry Of Materials (2015): doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00503,cm-2015-005038_0003
 Thapar, V., Hanrath, T., and Escobedo, F. “Entropic Self-Assembly of Freely Rotating Polyhedral Particles Confined to a Flat InterfaceSoft Matter 11, no. 8 (2015): 1481–1491. doi:10.1039/C4SM02641A,Screen Shot 2015-04-22 at 10.05.40
Bian, K., Bassett, W., Wang, Z., and Hanrath, T. “The Strongest Particle: Size-Dependent Elastic Strength and Debye Temperature of PbS Nanocrystals” Journal Of Physical Chemistry Letters (2014): 3688–3693. doi:10.1021/jz501797y,Screen Shot 2014-11-08 at 15.51.10
 Treml, B. E., Lukose, B., Clancy, P., Smilgies, D.-M., and Hanrath, T. “Connecting the Particles in the Box – Controlled Fusion of Hexamer Nanocrystal Clusters Within an AB6 Binary Nanocrystal Superlattice” Scientific Reports 4, (2014): 6731. doi:10.1038/srep06731,Screen Shot 2014-11-08 at 15.56.01
Zhang, H., Yang, J., Hanrath, T., and Wise, F. W. “Sub-10 Nm Monodisperse PbS Cubes by Post-Synthesis Shape Engineering” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 16, no. 28 (2014): 14640. doi:10.1039/c4cp01531b,
 Savitzky, B. H., Whitham, K., Bian, K., Hovden, R., Hanrath, T., and Kourkoutis, L. F. “Three-Dimensional Arrangement and Connectivity of Lead-Chalcogenide Nanoparticle Assemblies for Next Generation Photovoltaics” Microscopy and Microanalysis 20, no. S3 (2014): 542–543. doi:10.1017/S1431927614004437,
 Li, R., Bian, K., Hanrath, T., Bassett, W. A., and Wang, Z. “Decoding the Superlattice and Interface Structure of Truncate PbS Nanocrystal-Assembled Supercrystal and Associated Interaction Forces” Journal Of The American Chemical Society (2014): doi:10.1021/ja5057032,ja-2014-057032_0009
Bian, K., Singh, A. K., Hennig, R. G., Wang, Z., and Hanrath, T. “The Nanocrystal Superlattice Pressure Cell: a Novel Approach to Study Molecular Bundles Under Uniaxial Compression” Nano Letters 14, no. 8 (2014): 4763–4766.Screen Shot 2014-07-29 at 11.05.30 AM
 Tan, K. W., Moore, D. T., Saliba, M., Sai, H., Estroff, L. A., Hanrath, T., Snaith, H. J., and Wiesner, U. “Thermally Induced Structural Evolution and Performance of Mesoporous Block Copolymer-Directed Alumina Perovskite Solar Cells” ACS Nano 8, no. 5 (2014): 4730–4739.,
Park, B., Whitham, K., Bian, K., Lim, Y.-F., and Hanrath, T. “Probing Surface States in PbS Nanocrystal Films Using Pentacene Field Effect Transistors: Controlling Carrier Concentration and Charge Transport in Pentacene” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2014): doi:10.1039/C4CP01507J,GA
Baumgardner, W. J., Yu, Y., Hovden, R., Honrao, S., Hennig, R. G., Abruna, H. D., Muller, D., and Hanrath, T. “Nanoparticle Metamorphosis: an in SituHigh-Temperature Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of the Structural Evolution of Heterogeneous Au:Fe 2O3Nanoparticles” ACS Nano 8, no. 5 (2014): 5315–5322.,TOC
Bian, K., Richards, B. T., Yang, H., Bassett, W., Wise, F., Wang, Z., and Hanrath, T. nanocrystals under pressure: the pressure-dependent energy gap of colloidal nanocrystals“Optical Properties of PbS Nanocrystal Quantum Dots at Ambient and Elevated Pressure” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2014): doi:10.1039/c4cp00395k,
Ocier, C. R., Whitham, K., Hanrath, T., and Robinson, R. D. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 8.31.14 PM“Chalcogenidometallate Clusters as Surface Ligands for PbSe Nanocrystal Field-Effect Transistors” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 7 (2014): 3377–3385. doi:10.1021/jp406369a,
Moore, D. T., Gaskey, B., Robbins, A., and Hanrath, T.Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.31.18 PM “A Detailed Balance Analysis of Conversion Efficiencies Limits for Nanocrystal Solar Cells—Relating the Shape of the Excitonic Peak to Conversion Efficiencies” Journal Of Applied Physics 115, no. 5 (2014): 054313. doi:10.1063/1.4864066,
Richards, B. T., Gaskey, B., Levin, B. D. A., Whitham, K., Muller, D., and Hanrath, T.Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.42.20 PM “Direct Growth of Germanium and Silicon Nanowires on Metal Films  ” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2, no. 10 (2014): 1699–1678. doi:10.1039/C3TC31666A,
Hyun, B.-R., Choi, J. J., Seyler, K. L., Hanrath, T., and Wise, F. W. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.31.56 PM“Heterojunction PbS Nanocrystal Solar Cells with Oxide Charge-Transport Layers” ACS Nano 7, no. 12 (2013): 10938–10947. doi:10.1021/nn404457c,
Baumgardner, W. J., Whitham, K., and Hanrath, T. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.32.22 PM“Confined-but-Connected Quantum Solids via Controlled Ligand Displacement” Nano Letters 13, no. 7 (2013): 3225–3231. doi:10.1021/nl401298s,
Wang, Z., Schliehe, C., Bian, K., Dale, D., Bassett, W. A., Hanrath, T., Klinke, C., and Weller, H. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.32.41 PM“Correlating Superlattice Polymorphs to Internanoparticle Distance, Packing Density, and Surface Lattice in Assemblies of PbS Nanoparticles” Nano Letters 13, no. 3 (2013): 1303–1311.DOI: 10.1021/nl400084k
Choi, J. J., Bian, K., Baumgardner, W. J., Smilgies, D.-M., and Hanrath, T. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.33.00 PM“Interface-Induced Nucleation, Orientational Alignment and Symmetry Transformations in Nanocube Superlattices” Nano Letters 12, no. 9 (2012): 4791–4798. doi:10.1021/nl3026289,
Bian, K., Wang, Z., and Hanrath, T. “Comparing the Structural Stability of PbS Nanocrystals Assembled in Fcc and Bcc Superlattice Allotropes” Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.33.18 PMJournal Of The American Chemical Society 134, no. 26 (2012): 10787–10790. doi:10.1021/ja304259y,
Bealing, C. R., Baumgardner, W. J., Choi, J. J., Hanrath, T., and Hennig, R. G. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.33.36 PM“Predicting Nanocrystal Shape Through Consideration of Surface-Ligand Interactions” ACS Nano 6, no. 3 (2012): 2118–2127. doi:10.1021/nn3000466,
Sun, L., Choi, J. J., Stachnik, D., Bartnik, A. C., Hyun, B.-R., Malliaras, G. G., Hanrath, T., and Wise, F. W. Screen Shot 2014-03-09 at 10.33.55 PM“Bright Infrared Quantum-Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Through Inter-Dot Spacing Control” Nat. Nano. 7, no. 6 (2012): 369–373. doi:10.1038/nnano.2012.63,
Hanrath, T. droppedImage_3“Colloidal Nanocrystal Quantum Dot Assemblies as Artificial Solids” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology, A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films 30, no. 3 (2012): 030802–030802. doi:10.1116/1.4705402,
Lim, Y.-F., Choi, J. J., and Hanrath, T.droppedImage_4 “Facile Synthesis of Colloidal CuO Nanocrystals for Light-Harvesting Applications” Journal of Nanomaterials 2012, (2012): 4. doi:10.1126/science.1141711, Available at
Baumgardner, W. J., Quan, Z., Fang, J., and Hanrath, T.GAid=C2NR31054F “Timing Matters: the Underappreciated Role of Temperature Ramp Rate for Shape Control and Reproducibility of Quantum Dot Synthesis” Nanoscale 4, no. 12 (2012): 3625–3628.
Baumgardner, W. J., Choi, J. J., Bian, K., Fitting Kourkoutis, L., Smilgies, D.-M., Thompson, M. O., and Hanrath, T. nn-2011-01588p_0009“Pulsed Laser Annealing of Thin Films of Self-Assembled Nanocrystals – ACS Nano (ACS Publications)” ACS Nano 5, no. 9 (2011): 7010–7019. doi:10.1021/nn201588p,
Choi, J. J., Wenger, W. N., Hoffman, R. S., Lim, Y.-F., Luria, J., Jasieniak, J., Marohn, J. A., and Hanrath, T.mcontent “Solution-Processed Nanocrystal Quantum Dot Tandem Solar Cells” Advanced Materials 23, no. 28 (2011): 3144–3148. doi:10.1002/adma.201100723,
Hyun, B.-R., Bartnik, A. C., Sun, L., Hanrath, T., and Wise, F. W. nl-2011-00718w_0007“Control of Electron Transfer From Lead-Salt Nanocrystals to TiO 2” Nano Letters 11, no. 5 (2011): 2126–2132. doi:10.1021/nl200718w,
Bian, K., Choi, J. J., Kaushik, A., Clancy, P., Smilgies, D.-M., and Hanrath, T. nn-2010-03303q_0006“Shape-Anisotropy Driven Symmetry Transformations in Nanocrystal Superlattice Polymorphs” ACS Nano 5, no. 4 (2011): 2815–2823. doi:10.1021/nn103303q,
Choi, J. J., Bealing, C. R., Bian, K., Hughes, K. J., Zhang, W., Smilgies, D.-M., Hennig, R. G., Engstrom, J. R., and Hanrath, T. ja-2010-10454b_0005“Controlling Nanocrystal Superlattice Symmetry and Shape-Anisotropic Interactions Through Variable Ligand Surface Coverage” Journal Of The American Chemical Society 133, no. 9 (2011): 3131–3138. doi:10.1021/ja110454b,
Baumgardner, W. J., Choi, J. J., Lim, Y.-F., and Hanrath, T. ja-2010-013745_0002“SnSe Nanocrystals: Synthesis, Structure, Optical Properties, and Surface Chemistry” Journal Of The American Chemical Society 132, no. 28 (2010): 9519–9521. doi:10.1021/ja1013745,
Codoluto, S. C., Baumgardner, W. J., and Hanrath, T.GAid=C002820G “Fundamental Aspects of Nucleation and Growth in the Solution-Phase Synthesis of Germanium Nanocrystals” CrystEngComm 12, no. 10 (2010): 2903–2909. doi:10.1039/c002820g,
Choi, J. J., Luria, J., Hyun, B.-R., Bartnik, A. C., Sun, L., Lim, Y.-F., Marohn, J. A., Wise, F. W., and Hanrath, “Photogenerated Exciton Dissociation in Highly Coupled Lead Salt Nanocrystal Assemblies” Nano Letters 10, no. 5 (2010): 1805–1811. doi:10.1021/nl100498e,
Hyun, B.-R., Bartnik, A. C., Lee, J.-K., Imoto, H., Sun, L., Choi, J. J., Chujo, Y., Hanrath, T., Ober, C. K., and Wise, F. W.droppedImage_5 “Role of Solvent Dielectric Properties on Charge Transfer From PbS Nanocrystals Molecules” Nano Letters 10, no. 1 (2010): 318–323. doi:10.1021/nl903623n,
Choi, J. J., Lim, Y.-F., Santiago-Berrios, M. B., Oh, M., Hyun, B.-R., Sung, L., Bartnik, A. C., Goedhart, A., Malliaras, G. G., Abruna, H. D., Wise, F. W., and Hanrath, “PbSe Nanocrystal Excitonic Solar Cells” Nano Letters 9, no. 11 (2009): 3749–3755. doi:10.1021/nl901930g,
Hanrath, T., Veldman, D., Choi, J. J., Christova, C. G., Wienk, M. M., and Janssen, R. A. J. am-2008-001583_0006“PbSe Nanocrystal Network Formation During Pyridine Ligand Displacement” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 1, no. 2 (2009): 244–250. doi:10.1021/am8001583,
Hanrath, T., Choi, J. J., and Smilgies, D.-M. nn-2009-01008r_0007“Structure/Processing Relationships of Highly Ordered Lead Salt Nanocrystal Superlattices” ACS Nano 3, no. 10 (2009): 2975–2988. doi:10.1021/nn901008r,
Trinh, M. T., Houtepen, A. J., Schins, J. M., Hanrath, T., Piris, J., Knulst, W., Goossens, A. P. L. M., and Siebbeles, L. D. (1) “In Spite of Recent Doubts Carrier Multiplication Does Occur in PbSe Nanocrystals” Nano Letters 8, no. 6 (2008): 1713–1718. doi:10.1021/nl0807225,
Zhang, J., Gao, Y., Hanrath, T., Korgel, B. A., and Buriak, J. M.droppedImage_7 “Block Copolymer Mediated Deposition of Metal Nanoparticles on Germanium Nanowires” Chemical Communications no. 14 (2007): 1438–1440. doi:10.1039/b616883c,
Yoo, B., Dodabalapur, A., Lee, D. C., Hanrath, T., and Korgel, B. A. “Germanium Nanowire Transistors with Ethylene Glycol Treated Poly (3, 4-Ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly (Styrene Sulfonate) Contacts” Applied Physics Letters 90, no. 7 (2007): 072106–072106. doi:10.1063/1.2535710,
Korgel, B. A., Lee, D. C., Hanrath, T., Yacaman, M. J., Thesen, A., Matijevic, M., Kilaas, R., Kisielowski, C., and Diebold, A. C. droppedImage_9 (1)“Application of Aberration-Corrected TEM and Image Simulation to Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology” Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on 19, no. 4 (2006): 391–396. doi:10.1109/TSM.2006.884713,
Schricker April, D., Joshi, S. V., Hanrath, T., Banerjee, S. K., and Korgel, B. A. droppedImage_10“Temperature Dependence of the Field Effect Mobility of Solution-Grown Germanium Nanowires” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110, no. 13 (2006): 6816–6823. doi:10.1021/jp055663n,
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. “Germanium Nanowire Transistors: a Comparison of Electrical Contacts Patterned by Electron Beam Lithography and Beam-Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems 218, no. 1 (2005): 25–34. doi:10.1243/174034905X35379,
Tuan, H.-Y., Lee, D. C., Hanrath, T., and Korgel, B. A. cm0513031n00001“Germanium Nanowire Synthesis:  an Example of Solid-Phase Seeded Growth with Nickel Nanocrystals” Chemistry Of Materials 17, no. 23 (2005): 5705–5711. doi:10.1021/cm0513031,
Lee, D. C., Hanrath, T., and Korgel, B. A. “The Role of Precursor-Decomposition Kinetics in Silicon-Nanowire Synthesis in Organic Solvents” Angewandte Chemie-International Edition in English 44, no. 23 (2005): 3573–3577. doi:10.1002/anie.200463001,
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A.droppedImage_12 “Influence of Surface States on Electron Transport Through Intrinsic Ge Nanowires” Journal Of Physical Chemistry B 109, no. 12 (2005): 5518–5524. doi:10.1021/jp044491b,
Tuan, H.-Y., Lee, D. C., Hanrath, T., and Korgel, B. A. “Catalytic Solid-Phase Seeding of Silicon Nanowires by Nickel Nanocrystals in Organic Solvents” Nano Letters 5, no. 4 (2005): 681–684. doi:10.1021/nl0500099d,
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. “Crystallography and Surface Faceting of Germanium Nanowires” Small 1, no. 7 (2005): 717–721. doi:10.1002/smll.200500033,
Hanrath, T., Lee, D. C., Korgel, B. A., and Diebold, A. “TEM and MultiSlice Simulation Investigation of Si and Ge Nanowires” Microscopy and Microanalysis 11, no. S02 (2005): 1918–1919.
Saunders, A. E., Shah, P. S., Sigman, M. B., Hanrath, T., Hwang, H. S., Lim, K. T., Johnston, K. P., and Korgel, B. A.nl048846en00001 “Inverse Opal Nanocrystal Superlattice Films” Nano Letters 4, no. 10 (2004): 1943–1948. doi:10.1021/nl048846e,
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. nl049240tn00001“A Comprehensive Study of Electron Energy Losses in Ge Nanowires” Nano Letters 4, no. 8 (2004): 1455–1461. doi:10.1021/nl049240t, Available at
Shah, P. S., Hanrath, T., Johnston, K. P., and Korgel, B. A. “Nanocrystal and Nanowire Synthesis and Dispersibility in Supercritical Fluids” Journal Of Physical Chemistry B 108, no. 28 (2004): 9574–9587. doi:10.1021/jp049827w,
Diebold, A. C., Foran, B., Hanrath, T., and Korgel, B. “Advanced Microscopy for the Semiconductor Industry” Microscopy and Microanalysis 10, no. S02 (2004): 526–527.
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. ja0465808n00001“Chemical Surface Passivation of Ge Nanowires” Journal Of The American Chemical Society 126, no. 47 (2004): 15466–15472. doi:10.1021/ja0465808,
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. droppedImage_14“Quantum Confinement Effects in Germanium Nanowires Studied by Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)” Optical Science and Technology, the SPIE 49th Annual Meeting(2004): 40–47.
Sigman, M. B., Ghezelbash, A., Hanrath, T., Saunders, A. E., Lee, F., and Korgel, B. A.ja037688an00001 “Solventless Synthesis of Monodisperse Cu 2S Nanorods, Nanodisks, and Nanoplatelets” Journal Of The American Chemical Society 125, no. 51 (2003): 16050–16057. doi:10.1021/ja037688a,
Mitra, S., Deshpande, R., Hanrath, T., and Hartman, J. “Hot-Wire Growth of Multi-Phase Carbon Nitride Films” Thin Solid Films 430, no. 1-2 (2003): 300–303. doi:10.1016/S0040-6090(03)00091-9,
Lu, X., Hanrath, T., Johnston, K. P., and Korgel, B. A. “Growth of Single Crystal Silicon Nanowires in Supercritical Solution From Tethered Gold Particles on a Silicon Substrate” Nano Letters 3, no. 1 (2003): 93–99. doi:10.1021/nl0202307, ]
Hanrath, T., Zhou, J., and Korgel, B.droppedImage_13 “Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy of Germanium Nanowires” Microscopy and Microanalysis 9, no. S02 (2003): 332–333.
Lu, X., Hanrath, T., Johnston, K. P., and Korgel, B. A. “Growth of Single Crystal Silicon Nanowires in Supercritical Solution From Tethered Gold Particles on a Silicon Substrate” Nano Letters 3, no. 1 (2003): 93–99.
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A.droppedImage_6 “Supercritical Fluid–Liquid–Solid (SFLS) Synthesis of Si and Ge Nanowires Seeded by Colloidal Metal Nanocrystals” Advanced Materials 15, no. 5 (2003): 437–440.
Yu, C., Jang, W., Hanrath, T., Kim, D., Yao, Z., Korgel, B., Shi, L., Wang, Z. L., Li, D., and Majumdar, A. “Thermal and Thermoelectric Measurements of Low Dimensional Nanostructures” ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Proceedings HT2003 HT2003-47263, (2003):
Hanrath, T. and Korgel, B. A. ja016788in00001“Nucleation and Growth of Germanium Nanowires Seeded by Organic Monolayer-Coated Gold Nanocrystals” Journal Of The American Chemical Society 124, no. 7 (2002): 1424–1429. doi:10.1021/ja0167881, Available at
Le Granvalet-Mancini, M., Hanrath, T., and Teeters, D.Screen Shot 2014-03-10 at 8.32.02 PM “Characterization of the Passivation Layer at the Polymer Electrolyte/Lithium Electrode Interface” Solid State Ionics 135, no. 1 (2000): 283–290.


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